2 edition of initiative and referendum: state legislation found in the catalog.
initiative and referendum: state legislation
Charles Homer Talbot
by Wisconsin Library Commission, Legislative Reference Dept. in Madison, Wis
Written in English
|Statement||[by] C.H. Talbot ... Prepared with the co-operation of the Political science department of the University of Wisconsin.|
|Series||Wisconsin library commission. Legislative reference department. Comparative legislation bulletin, no. 11 [i.e. 21]|
|Contributions||University of Wisconsin.|
|LC Classifications||JF493.U6 T2|
|The Physical Object|
|Number of Pages||43|
|LC Control Number||10033422|
A referendum can only approve or disapprove a statute, resolution, or ordinance that was enacted by the State Legislature, Board of County Commissioners, or City Council. Initiatives and referendums are both methods of involving voters directly in the legislative process of government. As outlined in Ohio Revised Code (ORC) Chapter The powers of initiative and referendum are reserved for the people of Ohio under Article 2, Section 1 of the Ohio Constitution, enabling citizens to place an issue directly before voters on a statewide ballot. Citizens who wish to put a statewide issue on the ballot may do so through one of the following three methods.
Initiative and referendum petitions; signers and circulators; requirements. A signer of an initiative and referendum petition shall be a registered voter of the State of Nebraska on or before the date on which the petition is required to be filed with the Secretary of State and shall meet the requirements of section A person who circulates initiative and referendum petitions. A popular referendum (also known, depending on jurisdiction, as citizens' veto, people's veto, veto referendum, citizen referendum, abrogative referendum, rejective referendum, suspensive referendum or statute referendum) is a type of a referendum that provides a means by which a petition signed by a certain minimum number of registered voters can force a public vote on an existing statute.
Initiatives and referenda to the people — Certificates of sufficiency. 29A Rejected initiatives to legislature. 29A Alternatives to initiatives to the legislature. 29A Concise description for alternative to initiative to the legislature. 29A Advisory vote on tax legislation — Short description. 29A The History of Initiative and Referendum 2. Legislative referendums on constitutional matters are as old as the country. Thomas Jefferson proposed, unsuccessfully, a legislative referendum for the Virginia State Constitution. The first state to hold a statewide legislative referendum was Massachusetts in
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The Initiative and Referendum State Legislation Volume 25 Paperback – Febru by Charles Homer Talbot (Author)Author: Charles Homer Talbot. 13 used & new from $ Exploring Initiative and Referendum Law: Selected State Research Guides offers legal researchers an easy-to-use guide initiative and referendum: state legislation book provides thorough overviews of I&R (initiative and referendum) laws within twenty-three states.
This book was published as a special issue of Legal Reference Services Quarterly. Additional Physical Format: Online version: Talbot, Charles Homer, Initiative and referendum state legislation.
Madison, Wis.: Wisconsin Library Commission. Get this from a library. The initiative and referendum. State legislation. [Margaret A Schaffner; University of Wisconsin.]. The initiative and referendum process enables citizens to bypass their state legislature by placing proposed statutes and, in some states, constitutional amendments on the ballot.
A total of 24 states have the citizen initiative process. This database contains information on state processes, including subject matter, petitions, circulator requirements, signature requirements and more. Initiative and Referendum States Initiative – a law or constitutional amendment introduced by citizens through a petition process either to the legislature or directly to the voters.
Popular Referendum – a process by which voters may petition to demand a popular vote on a new law passed by the legislature. The initiative is the process that allows the electors to propose legislation and compel the legislature or the full electorate to vote on the measure.
A referendum is the power of the electors to approve or reject all or parts of certain types of statutes. Both the initiative and the referendum process are methods of direct democracy.
In the politics of the United States, the process of initiatives and referendums allow citizens of many U.S. states to place new legislation on a popular ballot, or to place legislation that has recently been passed by a legislature on a ballot for a popular vote.
Initiatives and referendums, along with recall elections and popular primary elections, are signature reforms of the Progressive Era; they are written into several state constitutions. Opponents will press for a statewide referendum on legislation mandating sexual health education in the state's public schools, if Washington Gov.
Jay Inslee signs the bill into law. "Referendum. The chart below lists the 26 states with the power of initiative or referendum, shows what powers—initiated statute, initiated amendment, veto referendum, or some combination—the people in that state enjoy. It also shows the signature requirement for each type of measure as of the / election cycle.
The official website of the Oregon Secretary of State. The original constitutional amendment, passed inprovided that a fixed percentage of the votes cast for justice of the Supreme Court would determine the number of signatures required to place an initiative or referendum on the ballot.
In a system of government designed around checks and balances at every level, state legislators are wondering where they fit in. Initiative. 1 The referendum described in this Guide is the “popular referendum” or “citizen veto,” as distinguished from the type of refer endum whereby the Legislature refers a measure to the ballot.
2 The Secretary of State’s Office has the authority to refuse to issue a serial number, or to reject circulated petitions at the time of attempted. The Initiative and Referendum Institute at the University of Southern California is a non-partisan educational organization dedicated to the study of the initiative and referendum, the two most important processes of direct democracy.
Chapter INITIATIVE; REFERENDUM. Initiative and referendum petitions. (A) Only one proposal of law or constitutional amendment to be proposed by initiative petition shall be contained in an initiative petition to enable the voters to vote on that proposal separately. The Initiative and Referendum Almanac, through a collaboration with Ballotpedia, provides a complete listing of all relevant laws associated with utilizing the initiative and referendum process in each state, as well as a checklist of the steps that must be followed to place an initiative or referendum on the ballot.
The appendix contains a. Page 86 - Hence, they fall back on the referendum as the best course available under the circumstances of the case, and in such a world as the present.
They do not claim that it has any great educative effect on the people. But they remark with truth that the mass of the people are equal in intelligence and character to the average State legislator, and are exposed to fewer temptations.
Initiatives and Referenda. What is an initiative. An initiative is a petition to propose a new law and submit it to the voters or legislature for their approval or rejection. A local initiative proposes a county, municipal, or metro township law, and a statewide initiative proposes a state law.
Free kindle book and epub digitized and proofread by Project Gutenberg. Direct Legislation by the Citizenship through the Initiative and Referendum - Free Ebook Project Gutenberg.
The term "ballot initiative" should not be confused with "referendum," which is a measure referred to voters by a state legislature proposing that specific legislation may be approved or rejected by the legislature. Referendums may be either "binding" or "non-binding" referendums.
Initiative to amend the State Constitution July 6,Referendum on legislation 90 days following the final adjournment of the legislative session at which the law was enacted.2Best Practice: Petition sponsors are strongly encouraged to gather and submit a.The initiative and referendum processes allow people to propose laws or amendments to the state Constitution, or adopt or reject a bill passed by the Oregon Legislature.
If chief petitioners gather and submit the required number of signatures, the initiative or referendum is placed on the ballot for voters to adopt or reject.The initiative and referendum processes guarantee Washington’s electorate the right to legislate.
Sponsors of initiative or referendum measures must obtain a substantial number of petition signatures from registered voters in order to certify their measures to the ballot or to the Legislature.